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Common Teaching Methods of Applied Behavior Analysis

Young therapist woman speaking and treating child, counselor and behaviour correction at pedagogue payroom taking notes on clipboard

Common Teaching Methods of Applied Behavior Analysis

Applied Behavior Analysis is a scientific and evidence-based approach that helps individuals learn and develop skills to manage their behaviors and improve their quality of life. There are various techniques within ABA therapy that provide an individualized framework for teaching skills essential for our client’s daily lives.

Discrete Trial Training (DTT)

Discrete Trail Training, or better known as DTT, is a foundational and commonly used technique within ABA therapy. The goal of DTT is to break down complex skills into smaller, more manageable components, making it easier for our clients to learn. Using the DTT method, a therapist presents a specific instruction, the client responds, and feedback is provided. This structured approach helps clients build a foundation for more complex behaviors and master skills gradually.

Task Analysis

A task analysis is used to break down complex behaviors by sequencing those behaviors into smaller, more achievable steps. This method is great for teaching skills that require multiple steps with multiple components, such as handwashing and tooth brushing. Each step is systematically taught to help the client master the total skill.

Social Stories

Social stories are a great way for our learners to navigate and better understand social situations by incorporating visuals and clear language. Social stories involve narratives that are presented in a structured format for our clients. Within the stories, socially appropriate behaviors are discussed and reinforced. These behaviors may include social behaviors such as social expectations, social cues, independence, acceptance, etc.

Natural Environment Teaching (NET)

Natural Environment Teaching, or NET, incorporates teaching of skills into play activities using familiar and preferred games, toys and materials, to maximize a client’s motivation to learn. NET is also useful for building a client’s communication system.

Incidental Teaching

In incidental teaching, the therapist uses naturally occurring opportunities that come up in the client’s daily life to teach and reinforce skills. Incidental teaching can be thought of as seizing the moment! This method is loosely structured as compared to other teaching methods like DTT.

Prompting and Prompt Fading

The goal of prompting is to provide additional cues in the initial phases of teaching to help a client be successful in completing a new task. Over time, prompts should be faded gradually to promote independence in completing the targeted skill.

Our Commitment to Using Only ABA Methodologies

Positive Solutions Behavior Gorup, LLC is committed to using client-motivated and client-led techniques in our therapy delivery. We promise to use individualized approaches to treating all of our clients in a nurturing, positive environment. Offering both Focused ABA Treatment and Comprehensive ABA Treatment, we look forward working with you and your family!

Clarifications_ASD_Practice_Guidelines_2nd_ed.pdf (bacb.com)

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